Eye care

September 12, 2008

Its not the mouth but the eyes which speak a million words !

The eyes are perhaps the most noticeable in the human body. These provide beauty to the face, demonstrate expressions and besides these ancillary functions the eyes provide us the vision to see and perceive things. Numerous benefits in form of the functions of the eye are very easily taken for granted by most of us. Only when the partnership of the eye fails to exist lifelong and some medical problems arise in the vision do we repent on not taking enough care earlier.

The eyes are functionally composed of the cornea, the lens, the retina and the pupil. Only when the light reaches the eye are we able to see and visualize objects in front of us. The pupil is the muscular opening which allows light to enter through it. These rays then reach the cornea which directs the same to the lens which finally focuses the light to the retina. The retina has a bunch of nerves which transmit neuro impulses to the brain for the vision experienced. These signals send the messages to perceive the picture visualized in front of us.

Redness in the eye, itch and pain are some of the initial symptoms of tiredness or infections in the eye. Though these may be simple to treat, the problem is quite worrisome as it affects the comfort of the patient. Many a times the tears themselves drive the dirt or irritant away with water flowing out from the eyes. So the next time you cry without being sad, be happy about your eyes helping you to stay fit. The work pressures and the life styles these days is becoming more and more harsh on the eyes which are a delicate pair. Continuous strain while reading and working on the computers in the same position for long hours further worsens the situation. The agony is that this seems today as a necessary evil as on one can alter the work style. However there are some techniques and steps which would help to retain the health of the eyes in the most stressful situations too.

1. Exercise your eyes

Regular work hours should be infused with short breaks. During such breaks, a small and easy exercise should be practiced: “First, blink your eyes several times. While you keep your eyes closed, roll your eyeballs both clockwise and anticlockwise and take a deep breath. Gradually open your eyes while releasing your breath. This exercise lasts for a minute and you can repeat it three times before getting back to work.” It serves as a good workout for the eyes.

2 Look away

While working for long hours, look at distant objects either in your office or outside. Looking at a distant object and then returning to your task helps your eyes focus better. Try taking such visual breaks for about five to 10 minutes every hour.

3 . Palming

Sit straight at your workstation and rub your palms against each other till you feel them warm. The warmth of your palms helps soothe and relax tired eyes. Then, lightly cup your eyes with your palms and relax for 60 seconds. While palming, you can either rest your elbows on your desk or keep away from the desk and cup your eyes. Both ways are fine.

4 . Use tea bags

Keep two used tea bags in the refrigerator before you leave for work. Once you are home, place the tea bags on your eyes for a few minutes as you relax. This not only soothes tired eyes, but also reduces puffiness.

5. Drink water

Drink plenty of water. It helps reduce puffiness. When a person is dehydrated, especially in an air-conditioned office, the body starts storing water as a defense mechanism. This adds to puffiness around the eyes.

6. Know your contact lenses

Ideally, a person who uses lenses should wear it for not more than 10-12 hours a day and occasionally for 14 hours a day. Never wear your contact lenses while swimming. The pool water houses various micro-organisms as there are several people using it. This may lead to fungal infections in the eyes. In addition, the chlorine in the water can damage your contact lenses.

7. Never rub your eyes

If dirt enters your eyes, do not rub as this may cause the dirt to stick inside. Blink several times to start your tears flowing; this will help flush out the dirt. If you rub your eyes, the dirt particle will keep disturbing your vision and irritate your eyes. In such cases, seek your ophthalmologist’s help immediately.”


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