Did you ever get a blister from a new pair of shoes? Or maybe when you tried your hands on the hammer last, you experienced calluses? Or maybe you’re a dancer and have noticed painful little bumps called corns on your toes?
Blisters, calluses, and corns can be uncomfortable, but they’re also pretty common and easy to prevent. All three happen because of friction — which means that two surfaces rub against each other. In the case of these skin problems, one of the surfaces is your tender skin!
How are blisters different form calluses and corns?
A blister is an area of raised skin with a watery liquid inside. Blisters form on hands and feet from rubbing and pressure, but they form a lot more quickly than calluses.
A callus is an area of thick skin. Calluses form at points where there is a lot of repeated rubbing for a long period of time — such as the hours spent raking leaves. The skin hardens from the pressure over time and eventually thickens, forming a hard tough grayish or yellowish surface that may feel bumpy. Areas on your body that form blisters and continue to be rubbed every day (like your feet because of the same pair of uncomfortable shoes you always wear to school) may go on to form calluses. Calluses on the feet, however, can be painful because you have to step on them all the time. They usually form on the ball of the foot. Tight shoes and high heels often cause calluses because they put a lot of pressure on your feet at points that aren’t used to all of that stress.
Like calluses, corns are also areas of hard, thick skin. They’re usually made up of a soft yellow ring of skin around a hard, gray center. They often form on the tops of the toes or in between toes. Like calluses, corns come from pressure or repeated rubbing of the toes. Corns usually develop after wearing shoes that are tight around the toe area.
Prevent blisters, calluses and corns
To avoid getting blisters and calluses on your hands, wear the right kind of gloves or protective gear.
To keep your feet callus free, choose your shoes wisely. Try to shop for shoes in the afternoon — that’s when your feet are their largest. Why? Because they get a little swollen from you walking on them all day! And be sure to try on both shoes and walk around a little bit before buying them. Even if they look really cool, don’t get them if they don’t feel right. Often, a different size or width can make a big difference.
And even if you love a certain pair of shoes in your closet, don’t wear them all the time. Mix it up by wearing a variety of shoes. That way, your feet will get a break and won’t always be rubbed in the same places.
Blisters usually just need time to heal on their own. Keep a blister clean and dry and cover it with a bandage until it goes away. While it heals, try to avoid putting pressure on the area or rubbing it.
You can help a callus go away faster by soaking it in warm, soapy water for 10 minutes, then rubbing it with a pumice stone. The stone has a rough surface and can be used to rub off the dead skin. Be sure to ask your parent for help using one. Shoe pads that go inside your shoes also can help relieve the pressure so foot calluses can heal. Pumice stones and foot pads are sold in many grocery stores and drug stores.
Corns take a little bit longer to go away. To help them heal, you can buy special doughnut-shaped pads that let the corn fit right into the hole in the middle to relieve pain and pressure. There are also pads that contain salicylic acid, which takes off the dead skin to help get rid of the corn. If the corn sticks around for a while and keeps hurting, you may need to see a podiatrist .
Standing and walking correctly can sometimes eliminate excess foot pressure. Several types of bodywork can help correct body imbalances. Aloe (Aloe barbadensis) cream is an effective skin softener, and two or three daily applications of calendula (Calendula officinalis) salve can soften skin and prevent inflammation. One teaspoon of lemon juice mixed with one teaspoon of dried chamomile (Martricaria recutita) tea and one crushed garlic clove dissolves thickened skin.
An ayurvedic practitioner may recommend the following treatment:
- apply each day a paste made by combining one teaspoon of aloe vera gel with half that amount of turmeric (Curcuma longa)
- bandage overnight
- soak in warm water for 10 minutes every morning
- massage gently with mustard (Brassica cruciferae) oil