"Bhasmas" are medicinal - Ayurvedic Metallic medicines are not fatal

February 08, 2008

There has been a huge uproar recently, and in the past about presence of lead, mercurial compounds in some of the Ayurvedic medicines. Our customers have become concerned about what could happen, and if the product that they take, could contain some of it.

While I want to assure you that our products do not have any metallic compounds or derivatives thereof, I just want to bring light to an article by Dr. Pratap Chauhan (I consider him an authority in Ayurveda and I hope he does not mind copying this at all).

He wrote this after the news first appeared in Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA).


Ayurvedic Metallic Medicines are not fatal – by Dr. Pratap Chauhan

It is well documented in Ayurvedic texts that metals are used in some
Ayurvedic formulations. As in Modern Medicine they describe the adverse
effects a medicine can cause to various body systems, similarly harmful
effects of metallic medicines are also well documented. For example in
“Purva Khand of Bhava Prakash Nighantu” (Dhatu-upadhatu Prakaran: verse 13)
it is written, “Consumption of Impure gold ‘bhasm’ (ashes) or pure gold
‘bhasm’ consumed improperly may destroy strength, shukra dhatu
(reproductive tissue), cause diseases and even death”. The antidotes of
toxicity or management of symptoms caused due to consumption of metallic
medicines are also vastly described.

There is a section in Ayurveda called “Rasa shastra” which describes the
use of metals, gems, minerals and poisons for manufacturing special
formulations to combat chronic and difficult diseases. Rasa Shastra can be
called “Vedic Chemistry”. As the modern laboratory chemicals were not
invented in the Vedic era (3000 years ago), herbal juices were used
instead. Although the methods, of testing these metallic medicines
described in Rasa Shastra, sound outdated or unscientific, they seem be
based on some chemical principles. Because medicines declared non-toxic
through these methods do not create any harmful effects in the body. Not
only they are harmless, they work like ‘steroids’ used in modern medicine
and can do miracles in difficult disease conditions or even the ‘incurable’

These Ayurvedic metallic medicines pass through extensive processing before
they are declared fit for internal use. The metals, gems and minerals are
first purified and then burnt several times and converted to ‘bhasm’ (ash).
Each time before burning, the metallic powders are processed with fresh
herb juices to neutralize their toxicity. Some of the metals are burnt up
to one hundred times to make sure the heaviness or toxic effect of the
metal is nullified. Once the ‘bhasm’ is ready it is tested for toxicity.
One of the numerous tests the “bhasm” has to pass through is called
‘varitar’ which means the ‘bhasm’, once ready for internal use, floats on
water indicating non-existence of heavy metal in it. The ‘bhasms’ are then
transformed to compound formulas by mixing herbal powders. Special herbal
juices are used for processing the compound formula. Thus these are no more
toxic metals but non-toxic herbo-metallic compounds. The modern chemical
testing might still indicate the presence of that metal in these compounds
but according to Ayurveda, these metals have been transformed to non- toxic
form, which is safe for internal use.

These lighter forms of metals (bhasm) contained in herbo-metallic compounds
work as carriers (yogavahi). This means they are able to carry the herbs
(mixed with them) faster to the desired site and start the action
immediately. They increase the bioavailability of the herbs to the cell.
They act as catalysts. After performing the desired action these harmless
light metals (bhasm) are eliminated out of body through our waste excretory
systems (urine and stool).

The multi ingredient compounds are formulated in a way that the ingredients
are capable of counter balancing any toxic effects, if any, present in the
herbs or metals (bhasm). Besides, the use of these metallic preparations is
discontinued after every 12 weeks for a couple of weeks, so that the body
can eliminate or neutralize any traces of the metals left in the body. The
period after which the use of metallic medicines should be discontinued may
differ from metal to metal. In some metals like iron it is not even
necessary to discontinue, while in more toxic ones like Arsenic, it is
advised to skip one day after every six days. The proper dose of these
metallic medicines is very important. Such medicines therefore should
always be taken under the supervision of an expert who knows all methods to
ensure zero toxicity and management of complications, if any.

When purified/processed properly and used under an expert’s guidance, these
metallic medicines are quite safe for internal use. If these medicines were
fatal, it would have been evident in thousands of years of their use.
Historically, Rasa Shastra an offshoot of Ayurveda developed around the
period when Buddha existed (more than 2500 years ago). Ever since, it has
been widely used by Ayurvedic doctors in India to treat millions of
patients. If the metallic preparations were not safe, more than half of
India would have died as a result of taking these medicines in all these
years and this could not have gone unnoticed. However the findings are
totally opposite. These metallic medicines have been used as wonderful life
saving drugs for thousands of years without any adverse effects.

The use of metals, gems or poisons in medicines as described in Ayurveda,
should not sound scary as the use of dangerous/poisonous ingredients is
involved in all major medical systems including modern medicine. The
contents of antibiotics, steroids, painkillers, tranquilizers and other
chemical medicines are well known to everyone. Their adverse effects are
well documented exactly as of the metallic medicines documented in ancient
Ayurvedic texts. Hundreds of thousand people die every year or suffer from
complications resulting from drug reactions and surgeries. But we have lots
of benefits of modern medicine and surgery especially during emergency and
critical conditions. In order to get these benefits, we need to take modern
medicines even though we know that they may contain ingredients that can be
toxic or create complications.

It has been noted that metallic Ayurvedic medicines can help patients who
have tried all other medical system and have lost all hope to recover. That
is why they are sometimes called as ‘life saving’ or ‘miracle’ medicines.
But there can be complications and adverse effects of these medicines too,
especially when these metallic Ayurvedic medicines are labeled as ‘herbal
medicine’ or supplements and sold through grocery stores or prescribed by
spiritual gurus, yoga teachers, energy healers and unqualified Ayurvedic
practitioners. It is like a barber performing a ‘heart transplant’ surgery.
That could be really dangerous as well as scary. Ayurveda is a serious
medical system and has well developed systems of diagnosis and treatments.
It is the only medical system in the world, which has apparatus to deal
with complete human being, which comprises of mind, body and soul.

Ayurveda considers each person to be unique and offers unique personalized
Ayurvedic treatment. Two persons suffering from same symptoms may receive
different treatment. The treatment is personalized according to the
patients physical nature (prakriti), age, immunity, mind power, habitat
etc. A customized diet, life style, exercise, emotional support, spiritual
treatments, breathing and meditations techniques also form the part of the
treatment. Ayurvedic treatments aim to eradicate the root cause of the
disease, which could be located in the body, mind, environment, family or
profession. It needs a proper qualification and experience for someone to
understand and practice Ayurveda.
The only way Ayurvedic medicines can be ‘fatal’ is when not taken under the
guidance of a qualified doctor. Like modern medicine, Ayurvedic medicines
should not be sold over the counter specially those containing toxic metals.

To conclude, the presence of toxic metals in Ayurvedic medicines and their
effects have been well documented in various Ayurvedic texts. It would be
interesting to do a research on what do these metallic medicines do when
taken internally. Clinical studies should be done on people taking metallic
medicines by checking their liver, blood and kidney functions on regular
basis. Facts described in Ayurveda texts like “Bhasms’ are just carriers
and are eliminated through excretory systems” should confirmed by doing
regular urine and stool analysis for the person consuming metallic medicines.
If no adverse effects are found, these metallic medicines should be
declared safe and used worldwide for the benefit of millions of those
suffering from incurable diseases.

If medicines are found to have toxic or damaging effects, the manufacturing
processes or the consuming processes have to be checked. According to facts
documented in Ayurvedic texts these are the only two situations when
metallic medicines can cause toxic effects in the body. It is not Ayurveda,
but the manufacturing unit or the doctor/patient (not following
instructions), which is at fault. Every Ayurvedic principle, treatment,
medicine is pro-biotic- supports life and longevity. Ayurveda is safe,
effective and holistic approach to achieve ‘eternal health.

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